Cognition It is defined as the processing of thoughts and in psychological terms it is referred to as processing of information. Clinical Psychology The scientific study of psychology and its application in order to understand, prevent and relieve dysfunction or distress that is psychologically-based is termed as clinical psychology. Selective Abstraction Selective abstraction is a type of cognitive bias wherein only one detail is chosen of the context and believed, while everything else in the context is ignored. Rhetoric It is one of the three ancient arts of discourse along with logic and grammar and is used in persuasion. The condition is however, not associated with memory loss or any kind of impairment of sensory organs.
The field of psychology has witnessed the rise of various branches and sub-branches, which would further enrich it. Centration The tendency or habit which causes a person to concentrate or focus on a single aspect or facet of a particular thing and neglect the other ones is termed as centration. Weapon Focus Weapon focus is a factor affecting the reliability of the testimony of an eyewitness, because the attention of the witness, present at the crime scene, is focused on the weapon the criminal is holding, which makes him ignore other aspects of the crime scene and eventually leads to memory impairments when he tries to recollect the crime scene details. H Habits A repeated behavior that occurs subconsciously i. Series of events in which sound waves in the air are converted to electrical signals, which are sent as nerve impulses to the brain, where they are interpreted. Its true popularity for both writers and audiences came with the rise of technology over the past 150 years, with developments such as electricity, space exploration, medical advances, industrial growth, and so on. Approach-Avoidance Conflicts The approach-avoidance conflicts are the situations or scenarios that a person faces while choosing between something that is positive but, has negative valence.
The expressions such as 'sitting on the fence' and 'cold feet' are used to describe the condition or state of ambivalence. Atkinson-Shiffrin Model It is a psychological model that proposes the structure of memory. It is used to test children between the age group 2 years, 6 months and 7 years, 3 months. Induction and deduction are the states which succeed the process of abductive reasoning. Imitation Imitation is a type of behavior where an individual tries to copy or replicate someone else's behavior.
The use of aversives help in curbing the undesirable behavior. These are promises, pledges, vows, guarantees, and so on. Id, ego and super-ego are the three parts of psyche as given by Freud. What is a Speech Act? Occupational Health Psychology The study of occupational health psychology deals with psychosocial causative agents or factors associated with the workplaces and which are responsible for various health-related problems of working people. Attitude A hypothetical concept that is used to denote the degree of like or dislike an individual exhibits for a particular thing is termed as attitude. Loss of hearing that occurs quickly due to such causes as explosion, a viral infection, or the use of some drugs. Alexithymia The state in which a person face problems in dealing with emotions is known as alexithymia.
Anti-social behavior of an individual might cause damage to the property of others. Differential Psychology It is the branch of psychology in which the measurable differences between individuals are studied. Edward Finegan, , Fifth Edition Australia: Thomson Wadsworth, 2008 , 282—286. Barnes Akathisia Scale The 'Barnes Akathisia' is a rating scale used in the assessment of the severity of drug-induced akathisia. It could also be related to autoimmune disorders and infections such as encephalitis. Total or partial loss of the ability to use or understand language; usually caused by stroke, brain disease, or injury.
Kubler-Ross Model The Kubler-Ross Model which is also known as 'five stages of grief' was introduced by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross. Amok The term amok is derived from the Filipino word amuk, which means 'mad with rage'. Visual Hallucination Visual hallucination is a visual perception which is triggered in a conscious state in the absence of any possible source of external stimuli. In individuals with normal muscle tone and speech muscle coordination, partial loss of the ability to consistently pronounce words. Techniques used with people who are hearing impaired to improve their ability to speak and communicate.
Facial Expression A form of used by humans as well as animals mostly mammals in conveying social information is known as facial expression. Developmental Psychology It is the branch of psychology in which a scientific study is carried out regarding the psychological changes that occur in an individual during the lifetime. Activity Theory As per the activity theory, engagement and interaction of individuals with the environment results into the creation of tools, which are the real world manifestation of their mental processes. Loss of hearing that occurs or develops some time during the lifespan but is not present at birth. The actions could be perspiration, muscular tension, etc. In operant conditioning, the modification of the operant behavior or voluntary behavior of an individual is carried out.
Skinner Box It is a laboratory apparatus created by B. Down in the street little eddies of wind were whirling dust and torn paper into spirals, and though the sun was shining and the sky a harsh blue, there seemed to be no color in anything, except the posters that were plastered everywhere. The whole activity is aimed at finding information about those aspects of the personality which are difficult to access. Artificial Creativity The objective of artificial or computational creativity is to simulate, model or replicate the creativity through the use of a computer. Self Motivation Self motivation is the ability to motivate oneself, without requiring influence by some other person. R Radical Behaviorism It is the philosophy which lies at the base of the approach of experimental analysis of behavior towards psychology.
Cataplexy It is a rare disease found in 5 out 10,000 people which results into the affected person losing muscle tone. Ternus Illusion An illusion of visual perception regarding apparent motion in humans is referred to as ternus illusion. This can mean magic, the supernatural, alternate worlds, superheroes, monsters, aliens, and so on. . This is also known as laryngeal framework surgery.